Abstracts examples writing an abstract

Interestingly, the word passed from Latin into French with competing spellings as both abstract closer to the Latin and abstrait which reflected the French form of abstrahere, abstrairethe spelling retained in modern French. Because the savagery of genocide so defies our everyday experience, many of us failed to wrap our minds around it. Noun an artist admired for his abstracts the scientist wrote a bare-bones abstract of his research and conclusions Verb … artists in the group put the emphasis on geometric abstraction rather than images abstracted from nature. Adjective Lounge on the full set of living room furniture, or channel your inner child on the abstract jungle gym.

Abstracts examples writing an abstract

Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study. This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment.

In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. For some studies, age may be an important factor. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? Seedlings or mature plants? Describe the site where your field study was conducted. The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims.

Include the date s of the study e. Location data must be as precise as possible: When possible, give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site: It is often a good idea to include a map labeled as a Figure showing the study location in relation to some larger more recognizable geographic area.

Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. For laboratory studies you need not report the date and location of the study UNLESS it is necessary information for someone to have who might wish to repeat your work or use the same facility.

Most often it is not. If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility.

Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly. Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls, treatments, variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured, what form the data take, etc. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number e.

When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by experiment. A general experimental design worksheet is available to help plan your experiments in the core courses.

Describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings.

How to write a good abstract for a scientific paper or conference presentation

Foremost in your description should be the "quantitative" aspects of your study - the masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc. When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures e.

You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category e.

abstracts examples writing an abstract

It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source vendor and catalog number for reagents used, e. Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. Very frequently the experimental design and data collection procedures for an experiment cannot be separated and must be integrated together.

If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure slikely you can combine them and be more concise.

Of course you did, because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and observations. Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed.

Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses usually hypothesis tests were employed to answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and determine statistical siginifcance.

The information should include: For example, "A Paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings. Here is some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers.

The Methods section is prone to being wordy or overly detailed. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to relate a single action; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages.

abstracts examples writing an abstract

A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to improve clarity and readability: This is a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure.

It is characterized by single actions per sentence and lots of unnecessary details.

Find The Best Abstract Examples And Learn How To Write Your Own

The lid was then raised slightly. An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface. The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. The loop was moved lightly back and forth over the agar to spread the culture.Painting Abstracts: Ideas, Projects and Techniques [Rolina Van Vliet] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Clear, challenging and inspiring, this book contains instructions for 65 abstract paintings that you can get to work on straightaway. Abstract expressionism was a New York painting movement of the 's with its artistic roots based upon abstract art.

Learn how to write a good abstract from the best abstract examples; here you can find quality help with sample abstracts or order an original, custom written paper. but on the actual paper you are writing. A simple, three to five pages long essay, for instance, can do perfectly well without any abstract.

Now that we know that all good. Sample Dissertation / Thesis Example. Below you can find samples of thesis/dissertation papers, as well as samples of single chapters and proposals completed by our writers.

In scientific writing, an abstract is a concise summary of a paper. This quick guide will teach you how to write an abstract section in APA format. Look in academic psychology journals for examples of abstracts.

Keep on hand a copy of a style guide published by the American Psychological Association for reference. Abstract writing is a process involved in writing a research paper. This article provides 6 abstract writing examples and samples which you may refer to.

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