He had commanded the Allied armies in the New Guinea Campaign and Philippines Campaignfulfilling his famous promise to return to the Philippines. In andhe had been considered a possible Republican candidate for president. After the war, as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers SCAPhe had overseen the Occupation of Japan and played an important part in the post-war political and social transformation of that country. Despite his protests, further reductions had followed and, by Junethere were onlytroops in his Far East Command.
Sign up for our Wine Club today. Did you know you can support The Nation by drinking wine? The bomb was dropped, they say, to save the lives of thousands of Americans who would otherwise have been killed in an invasion of the Home Islands.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki were largely destroyed and the lives of betweenandmostly Japanese women, children, and old people were sacrificed—most young men were away at war—as the result of a terrible but morally just calculus aimed at bringing an intractable war to a close.
By and large, the top generals and admirals who managed World War II knew better. Despite the terrible concentrated power of atomic weapons, the firebombing of Tokyo earlier in and the destruction of numerous Japanese cities by conventional bombing had killed far more people.
The Navy Museum acknowledges what many historians have long known: William Leahy, Truman's Chief of Staff The top American military leaders who fought World War II, much to the surprise of many who are not aware of the record, were quite clear that the atomic bomb was unnecessary, that Japan was on the verge of surrender, and—for many—that the destruction of large numbers of civilians was immoral.
Most were also conservatives, not liberals. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender.
I was not taught to make war in that fashion, and wars cannot be won by destroying women and children. It was a mistake to ever drop it…. From the perspective of an overwhelming number of key contemporary leaders in the US military, the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was not a matter of military necessity.
Historians still do not have a definitive answer to why the bomb was used. Given that US intelligence advised the war would likely end if Japan were given assurances regarding the Emperor—and given that the US military knew it would have to keep the Emperor to help control occupied Japan in any event—something else clearly seems to have been important.
Secretary of State James Byrnes, for instance, believed that the use of atomic weapons would help the United States more strongly dominate the postwar era.
Myths, no matter how oversimplified or blatantly false, are too often far more likely to be embraced than inconvenient and unsettling truths.Our president has outlined for you the thirteen consequences of an honorable surrender.
We urge that you accept these consequences and begin the work of building a new, better and peace-loving Japan. US Reactions to the News of Atom Bomb. Search this site. Positive Reactions.
Negative Reactions. American Military Leaders Urge President Truman not to Drop the Atomic Bomb. Hiroshima, Was it Necessary? Doug Long. " American Decades. The top American military leaders who fought World War II, much to the surprise of many who are not aware of the record, were quite clear that the atomic bomb was unnecessary, that Japan was on.
Military Service Although he struggled to succeed on the farm and in business, Harry S. Truman found success in the military. Starting from the rank of Private in the National Guard of Missouri, Truman left military service 37 years later as a Colonel in the U.S.
Army Officers' Reserve Corps. OBITUARY Harry S. Truman: Decisive President By ALDEN WHITMAN. At P.M.
on April 12, , Harry S. Truman, the Vice President of the United States, was elevated by the sudden death of Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Presidency of the United States. G-7 Leaders At Hiroshima To Urge More Visits to Nuclear Bombsites More Login. As President Truman said, "The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor.
They have been repaid many fold." American military leaders urge more visits to Pearl .