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Historyplex Staff Last Updated: Feb 21, Did You Know? In spite of being parts of Europe, which was virtually a battleground, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, and Portugal remained neutral during the Second World War.
Not many people out there need an introduction to World War 2, the global military conflict which lasted for almost six years and resulted in heavy loss of life and property in various parts of the world.
Causes effects of war War 2 - World War 2 was fought between two military alliances: The war began on September 1,when the German forces invaded Poland, and in retaliation, France and other European nations attacked Germany.
It went on for six years before culminating with a victory for the Allies on September 2, What Were the Causes of World War 2? After the First World War, various nations were divided into two groups: It was here that the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, The Treaty of Versailles held Germany responsible for the war and put certain military restrictions on them.
The motive was to handicap Germany to ensure that it would not wage another war. They were also asked to pay a huge sum of money as a fine and make substantial territorial concessions to the Allied Powers.
The people of Germany were not at all happy with the proceedings. The Treaty of Versailles didn't just affect the economy of the country, but had also hurt the national pride. In Adolf Hitler, they saw hope and brought him to power.
It called for obedience to a strong leader, and Hitler portrayed himself as that strong leader. He became the Chancellor of Germany in and thereafter, started rebuilding the German army.
Both, France and Britain turned a blind eye to Hitler's actions as they were not willing to fight a war. Some historians are of the opinion that they did so deliberately as they thought it was their best bet to arrest the spread of communism.
Amidst this, Hitler also earned two important allies in the form of Italy and Japan. Benito Mussolini and Fascism While Germany witnessed the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazism, Italy witnessed the rise of Benito Mussolini and Fascism, which was characterized by violence, racism, and totalitarianism.
Both the concepts were quite similar to each other, as a result of which Hitler and Mussolini were portrayed as the leaders of war against the Allied Powers. The two joined hands with the Rome-Berlin Axis Pact in and forged a military alliance.
Japan's Plans of Territorial Expansion Towards the beginning of s, Japan was affected by depression. In a bid to tackle the same, the Japanese decided to invade the Republic of China. The Japanese army invaded Manchuria in northeastern China which was rich in mineral resources.
When the League of Nations, which was formed to bring about the much-needed order in the world, stepped in at the behest of China and ordered Japan to withdraw its forces from the Chinese territory, Japan opted to leave the League itself. The sanctions that were slapped on Japan for this defiance made it even more important for them to pursue the resource-rich regions in the neighborhood.
Worried that the United States would hinder their plan of territorial expansion, the Japanese took an extreme step and attacked Pearl Harbor. The intention was to cripple the US by destroying their aircraft carriers, but the said carriers were out at sea and thus, survived the assault.
The incident though, prompted the US to enter the war. Other Causes The Republican government under the leadership of President Woodrow Wilson decided to stay away from various political activities that were taking place in the world. The League of Nations turned out to be a failure. If historians are to be believed, the League of Nations was a toothless entity with no power whatsoever, and thus, its failure was eminent.
Additionally, the world was stuck in the clutches of Great Depression. Amidst all the chaos, countries like Germany, Italy, and Japan took an aggressive stance and attacked their neighboring countries in a bid to expand their territories.
While the war actually began with Nazi Germany invading Poland inthe tension was already building up with Italy's invasion of Ethiopia in and that of the Republic of China by the Empire of Japan in The Allied Powers took a serious note of these developments and retaliated with military force, which, in turn, triggered a full-fledged war.
What Were the Effects of World War 2? Unparalleled Casualties They say history repeats itself, which is what happened when Germany and its allies were trounced in the Second World War. If the effects of World War 1 were gruesome, those of World War 2 were a lot worse. Somewhere between 22 - 25 million soldiers and 38 - 55 million civilians lost their lives.[Note: the AQA syllabus only requires you to know about the Arms Race and the System of Alliances, but you may wish to treat nationalism, imperialism and awful governments as essential background knowledge.].
The argument which follows suggests that Europe in was RIPE for war to break out - that the causes of World War One went back . Effects of the Civil War Emancipation Proclamation On January 1, , president Lincoln declared all slaves in “enemy territory” liberated.
Memorabilia and military surplus from the Korean War. Own a piece of history in remembrance of our sons who fell in the conflict. At attheheels.com we scour the internet (specifically eBay) every single day looking for Korean war helmets, photos, medals, patches, dog tags, weapons, guns and many other items including military .
Deforestation Effects, Causes, and Examples List - Over half of the world's forests have been destroyed in the last 10, or so years -- the majority of.
The main cause of World War II was the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany and its subsequent invasion of other countries. The causes can be linked back to World War I.
The main effects of WWII include the Cold War, occupation of territories and the widespread destruction in Western Europe. From the perspective of someone with very little background in World War I, this video did an excellent job explaining its causes, the war itself, and effects.