Brings together eleven important previously published essays and one unpublished essay Includes three essays that advance a new and controversial theory of punishment Arranged to follow the lead of Aristotle's and Hume's ethics From Psychology to Morality John Deigh Description The essays in this collection belong to the tradition of naturalism in ethics. The tradition goes back to the beginnings of moral philosophy in ancient Greek thought. Its program is to explain moral thought and action as wholly natural phenomena. Its aim, in other words, is to explain such thought and action without recourse to either a reality separate from that of the natural world or volitional powers that operate independently of natural forces.
He currently lives at the Legacy Assisted Living House. This paper will go through three distinct periods of Collin's life and his progression through Kohlberg's stages of moral development.
Kohlberg's theory consists of three levels, each with two stages within them.
The pre-conventional level is at the base, the first stage being obedience and punishment orientation, the second self-interest orientation. The conventional level is second, with interpersonal accord and conformity with societal norms as the third stage and law and order morality as the fourth.
Kohlberg asserts that the majority of adults do not make it past the fourth stage, but those who do enter the third level, post-conventional morality, have the option of aspiring to three additional stages. The fifth stage consists of the belief that no single choice is correct or absolute, but an action's morality is weighed by the context surrounding it.
It also involves a genuine care for the rest of society. In the sixth stage moral reasoning is based on abstract logic using universal ethical principles.
Kohlberg also asserted that a seventh stage may exist, the transcendental morality or morality of cosmic orientation stage, which links religion with moral reasoning.
The three areas of Collin's life this paper will address are childhood to adolescence, early to middle adulthood, and late adulthood. First, childhood experiences effect on moral development.
Collin's father owned a dairy farm, as well as raising all the food for the family and cattle, he milked the cows alongside his children daily. Hard work was a constant in his life, and from an early age he valued working for a living.
While Collin was small he behaved well and worked in order to avoid punishment, the first of Kohlberg's stages. He and his six siblings, four girls and two boys, worked together until the work was done. He says that everyone, from the smallest to the biggest, took turns feeding and milking the cows, most the time without the fancy milking machines.
As time went on, Collin made the transition into the second stage of development by realizing that doing what he was expected to do would benefit him, most likely through privileges and the avoidance of punishment. The fact that the whole town was of the same faith had a great impact on the way he was brought up.
Throughout his life, Collin's family attended church every Sunday and held family home evening every Monday night. At this point in time, I believe Collin was in the first stage of the conventional level of development. The conventional level is second of three levels in moral development. This stage is characterized by an attitude which seeks to gain the approval of others.
Collin held to these values in order to gain acceptance in his community. All of his friends had the same standards to follow and their childhood activities consisted of ward and stake events, so by following the same moral codes as they did, he was viewed by others as a good person. While his brothers and sisters all left home after high school, Collin was interested in farming and stayed on the farm.
His actions in this instance portrayed several different stages on the moral ladder. When asked why he went on a mission he had several reasons, which all fit into different categories. One reason was the probability of marrying the type of girl he would like to.
This motivation is seen on the second stage, acting in a moral way in order to attain personal gain. Another reason for going on a mission is because it was expected and because he believed it was the right thing. The fact that it was expected plays back into Kohlberg's third stage, and doing it because it was the right thing to do can be placed at the fourthThe Second-Person Standpoint (SPS) advanced an analysis of central moral concepts as irreducibly second personal in the sense of conceptually entailing mutual accountability and the authority to address demands.
The essays in this volume illustrate the second-personal framework’s power to illuminate a wide variety of issues in moral, political, .
The essays in this collection belong to the tradition of naturalism in ethics. The tradition goes back to the beginnings of moral philosophy in ancient Greek thought. Its program is to explain moral thought and action as wholly natural phenomena. Its aim, in other words, is to explain such thought and action without recourse to either a reality separate from that of the natural world or.
incorporation would improve economic analysis of law (and economic analysis in general) not only as a normative theory but also as a descriptive and predictive tool, without considerably compromising its methodological rigor.
Essays of Educational Psychology: the best documents available only on Docsity. View and download it now! I present a detailed critical evaluation of Kant's ethical theory, most particulary, the Categorical Imperative.
• The supreme principle of morality is called, however, THE CATEGORICAL IMPERATIVE Economic Analysis of Law. Economic Development. Economic History and Theory. Economic Policy. Psychology Essays: Formative Analysis and Theory Application of Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development.
Search Browse The conventional level is second, with interpersonal accord and conformity with societal norms as the third stage and law and order morality as the fourth.
Kohlberg asserts that the majority of adults do not make it 4/4(1).