History[ edit ] Emma Goldman famously denounced wage slavery by saying: They were worth at least as much as they could be sold for in the market
Although I did not take part in these projects at the time, I understood the necessity to prepare students for a future in which our societies would become increasingly older due to declining fertility rates and rising life expectancy through which the number of people aged 60 years and over had multiplied sincereaching hundreds of millions worldwide.
Accordingly, it was good that there was a growing focus on people in their later life and their way of living, which has ever since led to a lot of research, both practical and theoretical. However, when I was recently confronted personally with the current state of care for the elderly, I realized that there is still a lot to improve, invent, innovate, and discuss when it comes to the way old people in the need of care live, particularly in a society that is ever more individualized, lacking traditional family models in which such care used to take place.
That is why we want to dedicate an entire new issue of MONU to a topic that we call "Late Life Urbanism" and which we want to investigate on an architectural level, but on the level of the city too Being a filmmaker, he points out that moving images in this day and age are particularly effective forms of communication as they have the capacity to make people want to engage.
For him, filmmaking is a very useful process that taught him how to talk to people, how to listen to people, how to observe spaces critically and with an open mind, in order to understand the unique urban dynamics that make every space special and worthy of care Discover Eastern European Architecture and Urbanism.
Being a fresh graduate and only being part of the work force for collectively under a year, I've begun to understand that these relationships must be tailored per architect, firm, client, project, etc. After reading MONU's issue 28 "Client-shaped Urbanism", it begun to open my eyes to how both a client or architect may feel they are being mistreated in certain situations and projects.
Obviously, clients and architects mutually want a smooth relationship but understanding perspective, balance, and experience can affect the connection between the two. In university, we are often told to put ourselves in the shoes of the user when thinking of our projects.
That empathy begins to that help further our designs, so understanding perspective is highly important. In the first article, "Sympathy for the Devil" was striking and enjoyable to read for fact that it was written in a different perspective that wasn't directly architecture, but still very relatable.
It was intriguing because it made the reader not only wear the "devil's" shoes but feel insecure about the situation unfolding, which ended up being the clients experience redefined. It really starts off the issue with a perspective, we as architects, have most likely not experienced firsthand and introduces the thoughts of a client.
Other articles in this issue, give more insight of what a client hopes to expect for their experiences and what not, for example the article "What Client Wants".
The interviews are what I found the most informative for myself, mainly because they were raw discussions of what they believe is happening to our industry without all the unnecessary fluff. Their experiences with different clients, project managers, competitions, etc.
The "Behind the Scenes: A Conversation with my Client" was a relief from some of other articles negativity of why we fail to have a balanced relationship between client and architect. This conversation expands on the success of a healthy client-architect relationship and what they look for in each other.
This is why they have successful projects and relationships. Not everyone can find a perfect client though and "Expectation and Reality" begins to address the humour of the reality of our career. These comic strips were a great comical relief in the issue. Even being a newbie to the workforce of the architecture world, I can already relate to some of these comics.
I even passed along the magazine to show these images to a couple of my peers and co-workers to give them a good chuckle.The CFA exams are just around the corner, and level 2 is definitely the one with more material to cover. However, you don’t actually have to know EVERYTHING to .
This article examines the most prominent ethical theories from the view point of economic rationality. Authors argue that utilitarian perspective which used to be connected with classical concepts of rationality in economics is not the only approach to understand reasoning behind the human behaviour.
To create a better general culture of understanding around architecture, urban design and urban development issues, we need to use all of the narrative tools that we have at our disposal, claims Cassim Shepard in the interview we did with him entitled "Understanding Urban Narratives: What Cannot be Measured" for this new issue of MONU, "Narrative Urbanism".
Here's a simple definition of the differences between the two: "The classical school emphasizes production of goods and services as the key focus of economic attheheels.comssical economics focuses on how individuals operate within an economy.
As such, the neoclassical school emphasizes the exchange of goods and services as . Phillis Wheatley's To MAECENAS and On the Death of a young Lady of Five Years of Age - The poetry of Phillis Wheatley is crafted in such a manner that she is able to create a specific aim for each poem, and achieve that aim by manipulating her position as the speaker.
ANTH CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (3) Provides an introduction to the field of cultural anthropology, the study of human cultural variation throughout the world, both past and present.