Understanding the formation of acid rain and its negative effects

Negative Effects of Acid Rain By Tyler Lacoma; Updated April 24, Acid rain is caused by certain types of pollution that release carbon, sulfur dioxide and similar particles into the air. These particles mix with water vapor and give it an acidic quality that continues as the water vapor is gathered into clouds and falls as rain.

Understanding the formation of acid rain and its negative effects

Scientific evidence has linked acid rain to decreased fish and wildlife populations, degraded lakes and streams, and human health hazards.

Although the term has since faded from public consciousness, acid rain is a complex and global problem that still exists today.

What is Acid Rain? First identified in in Sweden and studied in the U. Sulfur dioxide SO2 and nitrogen oxides NO, NO2 are bi-products from burning fuels in electric utilities and from other industrial and natural sources. These chemicals react with water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and sunlight in the atmosphere to form sulfuric and nitric acids.

The acids reach the ground and change the chemistry within the environment. The acidity of any solution is determined on the pH scale of 0 to A pH level of 0 to 7 is considered acidic; 7 is neural; and a level above 7 is alkaline. As the pH number decreases, acidity increases.

Unopened bottled distilled water has a pH of 7, so it is neutral. In comparison, household ammonia is an alkaline with a pH of Milk is slightly acidic with a 6.

When distilled water is exposed to air, an interaction with carbon dioxide increases acidity through the formation of carbonic acid, H2CO3, and the pH level falls. Many scientists agree that the normal pH of rain is a slightly acidic 5.

Understanding the formation of acid rain and its negative effects

Seasons, climate, and a host of other factors can also influence the acidity of rain. Rain and snow are not the only processes that deposit sulfur and nitrogen acids from the atmosphere to the ground.

These compounds are also present in gases and dry particles, which are more difficult to measure. What Causes Acid Rain? Acid rain is linked to both natural and man-made sources.

Nitrogen oxides are formed through the extreme heating of air when a thunderstorm produces lightning. Also, sulfurous gases are discharged from erupted volcanoes and rotting vegetation. However, most public attention has been focused on man-made sources of acid rain, which include the burning of any fuel that contains sulfur and nitrogen compounds, including public utilities, industrial broilers, motor vehicles, and chemical plants.Acidification has some indirect effects on human health also.

Acid rain affects each and every components of ecosystem. Acid rain also either in wet or dry form by rain as acid deposition. Initially events Acid rain and its ecological consequences-.

An overview of acid rain and its history, causes, and effects as well as solutions to this environmental problem.

The Effects of Acid Rain on Ecosystems

An overview of acid rain and its history, causes, and effects as well as solutions to this environmental problem.

Acid Rain. Search they react with the water, oxygen, and other gases already present there to form sulfuric acid. SUNY at Plattsburgh - Dr. Tom Wolosz presents a comprehensive report on the effects of acid rain.

Elmhurst College - Virtual chemistry book on acid rain effects and solutions. Young People's Trust for the Environment - A kid-friendly look at acid rain, what causes it, and how to prevent it. 8 Effects on materials and buildings: Acid rain and the dry deposition of acidic particles contribute to the corrosion of metals (such as bronze) and the deterioration .

Acid rain is rain that contains nitric and sulfuric acid. Snow and fog can also contain nitric and sulfuric acid, and the dangerous effects are the same whether the acid is falling to the earth by rain or snow, or dancing in the air via fog.

Acid rain has many ecological effects, but none is greater than its impact on lakes, streams, wetlands, and other aquatic environments.

Acid rain makes waters acidic, and causes them to absorb the aluminum that makes its way from soil into lakes and streams.

The Effects of Acid Rain on the Environment